The use of 10×12 shed plans gable roof styles is one of the most popular designs around today. A signature gable roof will slope anywhere from 25 to 45 degrees, adding a classic look to a landscape.
Read on for step-by-step instructions on how to create the perfect gable roof.
Step 1: Secure top plates made of two boards wide enough to cover the tops of the walls to the uppermost portion of the outer walls.
Step 2: Measure and cut 2×4 boards to create ceiling joists. Attach the joists to a set of rafters across the width of the structure, from one long wall to the other. Joists help support the structure by transferring the outward pressure the rafters place on the walls.
Keeping it Going
Step 3: The next step also starts out with the need to do some measuring and cutting, this time with a 2×6 board. This will serve as the peak of the roof, so it will run parallel to the length of the shed. A board of this type is what is known as the “ridge board.”
Step 4: Again using 2x4s, measure and cut the rafters that will be attached to the ridge board and down to the plates secured to the walls during step one. The length of the rafters is dictated by the desired slope of the roof. They are then secured along the ridge board and the walls in 16- to 24-inch intervals.
Step 5: Construct a collar tie to lend support along the edges of the rafters. Ties are best positioned along the interior peak of the roof. Before moving on, double-check that the tops of the walls fit into the notches along the rafters of the roof. An extra set of eyes in the form of a helper and the use of temporary braces is recommended.
Step 6: Now it is time to cover the roof. Start by nailing planks of plywood or OSB to the rafters. The planks should run parallel along the ridge board. Enclose the ends of the gable roof with mitered planks.
After the planks are secured, nail a layer of tar paper to their tops. It is okay for the tar paper to overlap. Two sheets of tar paper are recommended along the peaked ridge board. Now it is time to add shingles.
Just as it is best practice to start at the bottom edge of the rood and work toward the ridge board when laying tar paper, the same technique applies to Asphalt Shingles. When the first row is complete, start on the next row by placing the first shingle at the center line of the shingle just below it. This creates the offset look appropriate to asphalt shingle roofs.
Though the roof is often the trickiest part of shed construction, it is well within reach of novice builders. Taking your time and following these instructions will ensure your 10×12 shed plans gable roof turns out as beautifully as expected.